Tutorials References Exercises Bootcamp Menu
Sign Up Create Website Get Certified Pro

JS Reference

JS by Category JS by Alphabet


JS Array JS Boolean JS Classes JS Date JS Error JS Global JS JSON JS Math JS Number JS Object JS Operators JS Precedence JS RegExp JS Statements JS String JS TypedArray


Window Object Window Console Window History Window Location Window Navigator Window Screen


HTML Documents HTML Elements HTML Attributes HTML Collection HTML NodeList HTML DOMTokenList HTML Styles
alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundClip backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundOrigin backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cssFloat cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

HTML Events

HTML Events HTML Event Objects HTML Event Properties HTML Event Methods

Web APIs

API Console API Fetch API Fullscreen API Geolocation API History API MediaQueryList API Storage API Validation API Web

HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion

Style transform Property


Rotate a div element:

document.getElementById("myDIV").style.transform = "rotate(7deg)";
Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The transform property applies a 2D or 3D transformation to an element. This property allows you to rotate, scale, move, skew, etc., elements.

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

transform 36.0 10.0 16.0 9.0 23.0


Return the transform property:


Set the transform property:

object.style.transform = "none|transform-functions|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
none Defines that there should be no transformation
matrix(n, n, n, n, n, n) Defines a 2D transformation, using a matrix of six values
matrix3d(n, n, n, n, etc....) Defines a 3D transformation, using a 4x4 matrix of 16 values
translate(x, y) Defines a 2D translation
translate3d(x, y, z) Defines a 3D translation
translateX(x) Defines a translation, using only the value for the X-axis
translateY(y) Defines a translation, using only the value for the Y-axis
translateZ(z) Defines a 3D translation, using only the value for the Z-axis
scale(x, y) Defines a 2D scale transformation
scale3d(x, y, z) Defines a 3D scale transformation
scaleX(x) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the X-axis
scaleY(y) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the Y-axis
scaleZ(z) Defines a 3D scale transformation by giving a value for the Z-axis
rotate(angle) Defines a 2D rotation, the angle is specified in the parameter
rotate3d(x, y, z, angle) Defines a 3D rotation
rotateX(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the X-axis
rotateY(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Y-axis
rotateZ(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Z-axis
skew(x-angle, y-angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X- and the Y-axis
skewX(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X-axis
skewY(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the Y-axis
perspective(n) Defines a perspective view for a 3D transformed element
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: none
Return Value: A String, representing the transform property of an element
CSS Version CSS3

Related Pages

CSS reference: transform property