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C++ User Input


C++ User Input

You have already learned that cout is used to output (print) values. Now we will use cin to get user input.

cin is a predefined variable that reads data from the keyboard with the extraction operator (>>).

In the following example, the user can input a number, which is stored in the variable x. Then we print the value of x:

Example

int x; 
cout << "Type a number: "; // Type a number and press enter
cin >> x; // Get user input from the keyboard
cout << "Your number is: " << x; // Display the input value
Run example »

Good To Know

cout is pronounced "see-out". Used for output, and uses the insertion operator (<<)

cin is pronounced "see-in". Used for input, and uses the extraction operator (>>)


Creating a Simple Calculator

In this example, the user must input two numbers. Then we print the sum by calculating (adding) the two numbers:

Example

int x, y;
int sum;
cout << "Type a number: ";
cin >> x;
cout << "Type another number: ";
cin >> y;
sum = x + y;
cout << "Sum is: " << sum;
Run example »

There you go! You just built a basic calculator!


C++ Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Use the correct keyword to get user input, stored in the variable x:

int x;
cout << "Type a number: ";
 >> ;

Start the Exercise