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CSS Properties

accent-color align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function aspect-ratio backdrop-filter backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-position-x background-position-y background-repeat background-size block-size border border-block border-block-color border-block-end-color border-block-end-style border-block-end-width border-block-start-color border-block-start-style border-block-start-width border-block-style border-block-width border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-end-end-radius border-end-start-radius border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-inline border-inline-color border-inline-end-color border-inline-end-style border-inline-end-width border-inline-start-color border-inline-start-style border-inline-start-width border-inline-style border-inline-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-start-end-radius border-start-start-radius border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-reflect box-shadow box-sizing break-after break-before break-inside caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-feature-settings font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-variant-caps font-weight gap grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens image-rendering @import inline-size inset inset-block inset-block-end inset-block-start inset-inline inset-inline-end inset-inline-start isolation justify-content justify-items justify-self @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-block margin-block-end margin-block-start margin-bottom margin-inline margin-inline-end margin-inline-start margin-left margin-right margin-top mask-image mask-mode mask-origin mask-position mask-repeat mask-size max-block-size max-height max-inline-size max-width @media min-block-size min-inline-size min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position offset offset-anchor offset-distance offset-path offset-rotate opacity order orphans outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-anchor overflow-wrap overflow-x overflow-y overscroll-behavior overscroll-behavior-block overscroll-behavior-inline overscroll-behavior-x overscroll-behavior-y padding padding-block padding-block-end padding-block-start padding-bottom padding-inline padding-inline-end padding-inline-start padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside paint-order perspective perspective-origin place-content place-items place-self pointer-events position quotes resize right rotate row-gap scale scroll-behavior scroll-margin scroll-margin-block scroll-margin-block-end scroll-margin-block-start scroll-margin-bottom scroll-margin-inline scroll-margin-inline-end scroll-margin-inline-start scroll-margin-left scroll-margin-right scroll-margin-top scroll-padding scroll-padding-block scroll-padding-block-end scroll-padding-block-start scroll-padding-bottom scroll-padding-inline scroll-padding-inline-end scroll-padding-inline-start scroll-padding-left scroll-padding-right scroll-padding-top scroll-snap-align scroll-snap-stop scroll-snap-type scrollbar-color tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-decoration-thickness text-indent text-justify text-orientation text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function translate unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space widows width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS transform Property


Rotate, skew, and scale three different <div> elements:

div.a {
  transform: rotate(20deg);

div.b {
  transform: skewY(20deg);

div.c {
  transform: scaleY(1.5);
Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The transform property applies a 2D or 3D transformation to an element. This property allows you to rotate, scale, move, skew, etc., elements.

Show demo ❯

Default value: none
Inherited: no
Animatable: yes. Read about animatable Try it
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax: object.style.transform="rotate(7deg)" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, or -o- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

transform (2D) 36.0
4.0 -webkit-
9.0 -ms-
3.5 -moz-
3.2 -webkit-
15.0 -webkit-
10.5 -o-
transform (3D) 36.0
12.0 -webkit-
12.0 10.0 9.0
4.0 -webkit-
15.0 -webkit-


transform: none|transform-functions|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description Demo
none Defines that there should be no transformation Demo ❯
matrix(n,n,n,n,n,n) Defines a 2D transformation, using a matrix of six values Demo ❯
Defines a 3D transformation, using a 4x4 matrix of 16 values
translate(x,y) Defines a 2D translation Demo ❯
translate3d(x,y,z) Defines a 3D translation
translateX(x) Defines a translation, using only the value for the X-axis
translateY(y) Defines a translation, using only the value for the Y-axis
translateZ(z) Defines a 3D translation, using only the value for the Z-axis
scale(x,y) Defines a 2D scale transformation Demo ❯
scale3d(x,y,z) Defines a 3D scale transformation
scaleX(x) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the X-axis
scaleY(y) Defines a scale transformation by giving a value for the Y-axis
scaleZ(z) Defines a 3D scale transformation by giving a value for the Z-axis
rotate(angle) Defines a 2D rotation, the angle is specified in the parameter Demo ❯
rotate3d(x,y,z,angle) Defines a 3D rotation
rotateX(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the X-axis Demo ❯
rotateY(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Y-axis Demo ❯
rotateZ(angle) Defines a 3D rotation along the Z-axis
skew(x-angle,y-angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X- and the Y-axis Demo ❯
skewX(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the X-axis Demo ❯
skewY(angle) Defines a 2D skew transformation along the Y-axis Demo ❯
perspective(n) Defines a perspective view for a 3D transformed element
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

More Examples

Images thrown on the table
This example demonstrates how to create "polaroid" pictures and rotate the pictures.

Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS 2D Transforms

CSS tutorial: CSS 3D Transforms

HTML DOM reference: transform property