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CSS Properties

accent-color align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function aspect-ratio backdrop-filter backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-position-x background-position-y background-repeat background-size block-size border border-block border-block-color border-block-end border-block-end-color border-block-end-style border-block-end-width border-block-start border-block-start-color border-block-start-style border-block-start-width border-block-style border-block-width border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-end-end-radius border-end-start-radius border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-inline border-inline-color border-inline-end border-inline-end-color border-inline-end-style border-inline-end-width border-inline-start border-inline-start-color border-inline-start-style border-inline-start-width border-inline-style border-inline-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-start-end-radius border-start-start-radius border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-reflect box-shadow box-sizing break-after break-before break-inside caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset counter-set cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-feature-settings font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-variant-caps font-weight gap grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens hyphenate-character image-rendering @import inline-size inset inset-block inset-block-end inset-block-start inset-inline inset-inline-end inset-inline-start isolation justify-content justify-items justify-self @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-block margin-block-end margin-block-start margin-bottom margin-inline margin-inline-end margin-inline-start margin-left margin-right margin-top mask-image mask-mode mask-origin mask-position mask-repeat mask-size max-block-size max-height max-inline-size max-width @media min-block-size min-inline-size min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position offset offset-anchor offset-distance offset-path offset-rotate opacity order orphans outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-anchor overflow-wrap overflow-x overflow-y overscroll-behavior overscroll-behavior-block overscroll-behavior-inline overscroll-behavior-x overscroll-behavior-y padding padding-block padding-block-end padding-block-start padding-bottom padding-inline padding-inline-end padding-inline-start padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside paint-order perspective perspective-origin place-content place-items place-self pointer-events position quotes resize right rotate row-gap scale scroll-behavior scroll-margin scroll-margin-block scroll-margin-block-end scroll-margin-block-start scroll-margin-bottom scroll-margin-inline scroll-margin-inline-end scroll-margin-inline-start scroll-margin-left scroll-margin-right scroll-margin-top scroll-padding scroll-padding-block scroll-padding-block-end scroll-padding-block-start scroll-padding-bottom scroll-padding-inline scroll-padding-inline-end scroll-padding-inline-start scroll-padding-left scroll-padding-right scroll-padding-top scroll-snap-align scroll-snap-stop scroll-snap-type scrollbar-color tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-decoration-thickness text-emphasis text-emphasis-color text-emphasis-position text-emphasis-style text-indent text-justify text-orientation text-overflow text-shadow text-transform text-underline-offset text-underline-position top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function translate unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space widows width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS justify-items Property


Align each grid item at the end of their grid cell, in the inline direction:

#container {
  display: grid;
  justify-items: end;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The justify-items property is set on the grid container to give child elements (grid items) alignment in the inline direction.

For pages in English, inline direction is left to right and block direction is downward.

For this property to have any alignment effect, the grid items need available space around themselves in the inline direction.

Tip: To align grid items in block direction instead of inline direction, use align-items property.

Show demo ❯

Default value: legacy
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax:"center" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

justify-items 57.0 16.0 45.0 10.1 44.0

CSS Syntax

justify-items: legacy|normal|stretch|positional alignment|overflow-alignment|baseline alignment|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description Play it
legacy Default value. Grid items with justify-self value 'auto' only inherits grid container justify-items property value if it starts with 'legacy'. It exists to implement the legacy alignment behavior of HTML's 〈center〉 element and align attribute. Demo ❯
normal Dependant on layout context, but similar to 'stretch' for grid layout Demo ❯
stretch Stretches to fill the grid cell if inline-size (width) is not set. Demo ❯
start Align items at the start in the inline direction Demo ❯
left Align items to the left Demo ❯
center Align items to the center Demo ❯
end Align items at the end in the inline direction Demo ❯
right Align items to the right Demo ❯
  • 'safe' sets alignment of the item to 'start' if the content overflows
  • 'unsafe' keeps the alignment value regardless of wether or not the item content overflows
baseline alignment The element is aligned with the baseline of the parent. Demo ❯
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

More Examples

justify-items vs. justify-self

Alignment is set to 'center' from container, and 'right' on the grid item itself. Property value 'right' prevails:

#container {
  display: grid;
  justify-items: center;

.blue {
  justify-self: right;
Try it Yourself »

justify-items on absolutely positioned grid items

Alignment is set to 'right' on absolutely positioned grid items:

#container {
  display: grid;
  position: relative;
  justify-items: right;

.blue {
  position: absolute;
Try it Yourself »


With the writing-mode property value of the grid container element set to vertical-rl, the inline direction is downwards. The result is that the start of the container is moved from left side to top, and the end of the container is moved from right side to bottom:

#container {
  justify-items: end;
  writing-mode: vertical-rl;
Try it Yourself »


With the direction property value of the grid container element set to 'rtl', the inline direction is right to left. The result is that the start of the container is moved from left side to right side, and the end of the container is moved from right side to left side:

#container {
  justify-items: start;
  direction: rtl;
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS grid

CSS tutorial: CSS positioning

CSS Reference: align-items property

CSS Reference: direction property

CSS Reference: grid property

CSS Reference: grid-template-columns property

CSS Reference: justify-self property

CSS Reference: position property

CSS Reference: writing-mode property


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