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Java Break and Continue


Java Break

You have already seen the break statement used in an earlier chapter of this tutorial. It was used to "jump out" of a switch statement.

The break statement can also be used to jump out of a loop.

This example stops the loop when i is equal to 4:

Example

for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  if (i == 4) {
    break;
  }
  System.out.println(i);
}

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Java Continue

The continue statement breaks one iteration (in the loop), if a specified condition occurs, and continues with the next iteration in the loop.

This example skips the value of 4:

Example

for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  if (i == 4) {
    continue;
  }
  System.out.println(i);
}

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Break and Continue in While Loop

You can also use break and continue in while loops:

Break Example

int i = 0;
while (i < 10) {
  System.out.println(i);
  i++;
  if (i == 4) {
    break;
  }
}

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Continue Example

int i = 0;
while (i < 10) {
  if (i == 4) {
    i++;
    continue;
  }
  System.out.println(i);
  i++;
}

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Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Stop the loop if i is 5.

for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  if (i == 5) {   
    ;
  }
  System.out.println(i);
}

Start the Exercise