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Java throw Keyword

❮ Java Keywords


Throw an exception if age is below 18 (print "Access denied"). If age is 18 or older, print "Access granted":

public class Main {
  static void checkAge(int age) {
    if (age < 18) {
      throw new ArithmeticException("Access denied - You must be at least 18 years old.");
    else {
      System.out.println("Access granted - You are old enough!");

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    checkAge(15); // Set age to 15 (which is below 18...)

Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The throw keyword is used to create a custom error.

The throw statement is used together with an exception type. There are many exception types available in Java: ArithmeticException, ClassNotFoundException, ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException, SecurityException, etc.

The exception type is often used together with a custom method, like in the example above.

Differences between throw and throws:

throw throws
Used to throw an exception for a method Used to indicate what exception type may be thrown by a method
Cannot throw multiple exceptions Can declare multiple exceptions
  • throw is followed by an object (new type)
  • used inside the method
  • throws is followed by a class
  • and used with the method signature

Related Pages

Read more about exceptions in our Java Try..Catch Tutorial.

❮ Java Keywords