Tutorials References Exercises Videos Menu
Free Website Get Certified Pro

Java Tutorial

Java HOME Java Intro Java Get Started Java Syntax Java Output Java Comments Java Variables Java Data Types Java Type Casting Java Operators Java Strings Java Math Java Booleans Java If...Else Java Switch Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Break/Continue Java Arrays

Java Methods

Java Methods Java Method Parameters Java Method Overloading Java Scope Java Recursion

Java Classes

Java OOP Java Classes/Objects Java Class Attributes Java Class Methods Java Constructors Java Modifiers Java Encapsulation Java Packages / API Java Inheritance Java Polymorphism Java Inner Classes Java Abstraction Java Interface Java Enums Java User Input Java Date Java ArrayList Java LinkedList Java HashMap Java HashSet Java Iterator Java Wrapper Classes Java Exceptions Java RegEx Java Threads Java Lambda

Java File Handling

Java Files Java Create/Write Files Java Read Files Java Delete Files

Java How To

Add Two Numbers Count Words Reverse a String

Java Reference

Java Keywords Java String Methods Java Math Methods

Java Examples

Java Examples Java Compiler Java Exercises Java Quiz Java Certificate


Java Create and Write To Files


Create a File

To create a file in Java, you can use the createNewFile() method. This method returns a boolean value: true if the file was successfully created, and false if the file already exists. Note that the method is enclosed in a try...catch block. This is necessary because it throws an IOException if an error occurs (if the file cannot be created for some reason):

Example

import java.io.File;  // Import the File class
import java.io.IOException;  // Import the IOException class to handle errors

public class CreateFile {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      File myObj = new File("filename.txt");
      if (myObj.createNewFile()) {
        System.out.println("File created: " + myObj.getName());
      } else {
        System.out.println("File already exists.");
      }
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.out.println("An error occurred.");
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
}

The output will be:

File created: filename.txt
Run Example »

To create a file in a specific directory (requires permission), specify the path of the file and use double backslashes to escape the "\" character (for Windows). On Mac and Linux you can just write the path, like: /Users/name/filename.txt

Example

File myObj = new File("C:\\Users\\MyName\\filename.txt");

Run Example »



Write To a File

In the following example, we use the FileWriter class together with its write() method to write some text to the file we created in the example above. Note that when you are done writing to the file, you should close it with the close() method:

Example

import java.io.FileWriter;   // Import the FileWriter class
import java.io.IOException;  // Import the IOException class to handle errors

public class WriteToFile {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      FileWriter myWriter = new FileWriter("filename.txt");
      myWriter.write("Files in Java might be tricky, but it is fun enough!");
      myWriter.close();
      System.out.println("Successfully wrote to the file.");
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.out.println("An error occurred.");
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
}

The output will be:

Successfully wrote to the file.
Run Example »

To read the file above, go to the Java Read Files chapter.