Statistics is the science of analyzing, reviewing and conclude data.
Some basic statistical numbers include:
- Mean, median and mode
- Minimum and maximum value
- Variance and Standard Devation
- Covariance and Correlation
- Probability distributions
The R language was developed by two statisticians. It has many built-in functionalities, in addition to libraries for the exact purpose of statistical analysis.
You will learn about these features in the next chapter.