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SQL ANY and ALL Operators


The SQL ANY and ALL Operators

The ANY and ALL operators allow you to perform a comparison between a single column value and a range of other values.


The SQL ANY Operator

The ANY operator:

  • returns a boolean value as a result
  • returns TRUE if ANY of the subquery values meet the condition

ANY means that the condition will be true if the operation is true for any of the values in the range.

ANY Syntax

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name operator ANY
  (SELECT column_name
 
FROM table_name
 
WHERE condition);

Note: The operator must be a standard comparison operator (=, <>, !=, >, >=, <, or <=).


The SQL ALL Operator

The ALL operator:

  • returns a boolean value as a result
  • returns TRUE if ALL of the subquery values meet the condition
  • is used with SELECT, WHERE and HAVING statements

ALL means that the condition will be true only if the operation is true for all values in the range. 

ALL Syntax With SELECT

SELECT ALL column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE condition;

ALL Syntax With WHERE or HAVING

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name operator ALL
  (SELECT column_name
 
FROM table_name
 
WHERE condition);

Note: The operator must be a standard comparison operator (=, <>, !=, >, >=, <, or <=).


Demo Database

Below is a selection from the "Products" table in the Northwind sample database:

ProductID ProductName SupplierID CategoryID Unit Price
1 Chais 1 1 10 boxes x 20 bags 18
2 Chang 1 1 24 - 12 oz bottles 19
3 Aniseed Syrup 1 2 12 - 550 ml bottles 10
4 Chef Anton's Cajun Seasoning 2 2 48 - 6 oz jars 22
5 Chef Anton's Gumbo Mix 2 2 36 boxes 21.35
6 Grandma's Boysenberry Spread 3 2 12 - 8 oz jars 25
7 Uncle Bob's Organic Dried Pears 3 7 12 - 1 lb pkgs. 30
8 Northwoods Cranberry Sauce 3 2 12 - 12 oz jars 40
9 Mishi Kobe Niku 4 6 18 - 500 g pkgs. 97

And a selection from the "OrderDetails" table:

OrderDetailID OrderID ProductID Quantity
1 10248 11 12
2 10248 42 10
3 10248 72 5
4 10249 14 9
5 10249 51 40
6 10250 41 10
7 10250 51 35
8 10250 65 15
9 10251 22 6
10 10251 57 15


SQL ANY Examples

The following SQL statement lists the ProductName if it finds ANY records in the OrderDetails table has Quantity equal to 10 (this will return TRUE because the Quantity column has some values of 10):

Example

SELECT ProductName
FROM Products
WHERE ProductID = ANY
  (SELECT ProductID
  FROM OrderDetails
  WHERE Quantity = 10);
Try it Yourself »

The following SQL statement lists the ProductName if it finds ANY records in the OrderDetails table has Quantity larger than 99 (this will return TRUE because the Quantity column has some values larger than 99):

Example

SELECT ProductName
FROM Products
WHERE ProductID = ANY
  (SELECT ProductID
  FROM OrderDetails
  WHERE Quantity > 99);
Try it Yourself »

The following SQL statement lists the ProductName if it finds ANY records in the OrderDetails table has Quantity larger than 1000 (this will return FALSE because the Quantity column has no values larger than 1000):

Example

SELECT ProductName
FROM Products
WHERE ProductID = ANY
  (SELECT ProductID
  FROM OrderDetails
  WHERE Quantity > 1000);
Try it Yourself »

SQL ALL Examples

The following SQL statement lists ALL the product names:

Example

SELECT ALL ProductName
FROM Products
WHERE TRUE;
Try it Yourself »

The following SQL statement lists the ProductName if ALL the records in the OrderDetails table has Quantity equal to 10. This will of course return FALSE because the Quantity column has many different values (not only the value of 10):

Example

SELECT ProductName
FROM Products
WHERE ProductID = ALL
  (SELECT ProductID
  FROM OrderDetails
  WHERE Quantity = 10);
Try it Yourself »