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SQL COUNT(), AVG() and SUM() Functions


The SQL COUNT(), AVG() and SUM() Functions

The COUNT() function returns the number of rows that matches a specified criterion.

The AVG() function returns the average value of a numeric column.

The SUM() function returns the total sum of a numeric column.

COUNT() Syntax

SELECT COUNT(column_name)
FROM table_name
WHERE condition;

AVG() Syntax

SELECT AVG(column_name)
FROM table_name
WHERE condition;

SUM() Syntax

SELECT SUM(column_name)
FROM table_name
WHERE condition;

Demo Database

Below is a selection from the "Products" table in the Northwind sample database:

ProductID ProductName SupplierID CategoryID Unit Price
1 Chais 1 1 10 boxes x 20 bags 18
2 Chang 1 1 24 - 12 oz bottles 19
3 Aniseed Syrup 1 2 12 - 550 ml bottles 10
4 Chef Anton's Cajun Seasoning 2 2 48 - 6 oz jars 22
5 Chef Anton's Gumbo Mix 2 2 36 boxes 21.35


COUNT() Example

The following SQL statement finds the number of products:

Example

SELECT COUNT(ProductID)
FROM Products;
Try it Yourself »

Note: NULL values are not counted.


AVG() Example

The following SQL statement finds the average price of all products:

Example

SELECT AVG(Price)
FROM Products;
Try it Yourself »

Note: NULL values are ignored.


Demo Database

Below is a selection from the "OrderDetails" table in the Northwind sample database:

OrderDetailID OrderID ProductID Quantity
1 10248 11 12
2 10248 42 10
3 10248 72 5
4 10249 14 9
5 10249 51 40

SUM() Example

The following SQL statement finds the sum of the "Quantity" fields in the "OrderDetails" table:

Example

SELECT SUM(Quantity)
FROM OrderDetails;
Try it Yourself »

Note: NULL values are ignored.


Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Use the correct function to return the number of records that have the Price value set to 18.

SELECT (*)
FROM Products
 Price = 18;

Start the Exercise