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HTML Symbols


Characters that are not present on your keyboard can also be replaced by entities.


HTML Symbol Entities

HTML entities were described in the previous chapter.

Many mathematical, technical, and currency symbols, are not present on a normal keyboard.

To add such symbols to an HTML page, you can use an HTML entity name.

If no entity name exists, you can use an entity number, a decimal, or hexadecimal reference.

Example

<p>I will display &euro;</p>
<p>I will display &#8364;</p>
<p>I will display &#x20AC;</p>

Will display as:

I will display €
I will display €
I will display €
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Some Mathematical Symbols Supported by HTML

Char Number Entity Description
&#8704; &forall; FOR ALL
&#8706; &part; PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL
&#8707; &exist; THERE EXISTS
&#8709; &empty; EMPTY SETS
&#8711; &nabla; NABLA
&#8712; &isin; ELEMENT OF
&#8713; &notin; NOT AN ELEMENT OF
&#8715; &ni; CONTAINS AS MEMBER
&#8719; &prod; N-ARY PRODUCT
&#8721; &sum; N-ARY SUMMATION

Full Math Reference



Some Greek Letters Supported by HTML

Char Number Entity Description
Α &#913; &Alpha; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER ALPHA
Β &#914; &Beta; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER BETA
Γ &#915; &Gamma; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER GAMMA
Δ &#916; &Delta; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER DELTA
Ε &#917; &Epsilon; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER EPSILON
Ζ &#918; &Zeta; GREEK CAPITAL LETTER ZETA

Full Greek Reference


Some Other Entities Supported by HTML

Char Number Entity Description
© &#169; &copy; COPYRIGHT SIGN
® &#174; &reg; REGISTERED SIGN
&#8364; &euro; EURO SIGN
&#8482; &trade; TRADEMARK
&#8592; &larr; LEFTWARDS ARROW
&#8593; &uarr; UPWARDS ARROW
&#8594; &rarr; RIGHTWARDS ARROW
&#8595; &darr; DOWNWARDS ARROW
&#9824; &spades; BLACK SPADE SUIT
&#9827; &clubs; BLACK CLUB SUIT
&#9829; &hearts; BLACK HEART SUIT
&#9830; &diams; BLACK DIAMOND SUIT

Full Currency Reference

Full Arrows Reference

Full Symbols Reference