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JavaScript function


Declare a function that outputs "Hello World" when it is called:

// Declare a function
function myFunction() {
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello World!";

// Call the function
Try it Yourself »

More examples below.


The function statement declares a function.

A declared function is "saved for later use", and will be executed later, when it is invoked (called).

In JavaScript, functions are objects, and they have both properties and methods.

A function can also be defined using an expression (See Function Definitions).

Read our JavaScript Tutorial to learn all you need to know about functions. Start with the introduction chapter about JavaScript Functions and JavaScript Scope. For more detailed information, see our Function Section on Function Definitions, Parameters, Invocation and Closures.


function functionName(parameters) {
  code to be executed


Parameter Description
functionName Required.
The name of the function.
Naming rules: same as JavaScript variables.
parameters Optional.
A set of arguments (parameter names), separated by commas.

The arguments are real values received by the function from the outside.
Inside the function, the arguments are used as local variables.

If a function is called with a missing argument, the value of the missing argument is set to undefined.

More Examples

Return the value of PI:

function myFunction() {
  return Math.PI;
Try it Yourself »

Return the product of a and b:

function myFunction(a, b) {
  return a * b;
Try it Yourself »

A function with different arguments can produce different results.

Convert Fahrenheit to Celsius:

function toCelsius(fahrenheit) {
  return (5/9) * (fahrenheit-32);
Try it Yourself »

Functions can be used as variables.

Instead of:

temp = toCelsius(32);
text = "The temperature is " + temp + " Centigrade";

You can use:

text = "The temperature is " + toCelsius(32) + " Centigrade";
Try it Yourself »

JavaScript functions have a built-in object called arguments.

The arguments.length property returns the number of arguments received by the function:

function myFunction(a, b) {
  return arguments.length;
Try it Yourself »

Click to call a function that outputs "Hello World":

<button onclick="myFunction()">Click me</button>

<p id="demo"></p>

function myFunction() {
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello World";
Try it Yourself »

When a function expression is stored in a variable, the variable contains a function:

const x = function (a, b) {return a * b};
Try it Yourself »

When a function is stored in a variable, the variable can be used as a function:

const x = function (a, b) {return a * b};
let z = x(4, 3);
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Functions

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Scope

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Function Definitions

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Function Parameters

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Function Invocation

JavaScript Tutorial: JavaScript Function Closures

JavaScript Reference: JavaScript return Statement

Browser Support

function is an ECMAScript1 (ES1) feature.

ES1 (JavaScript 1997) is fully supported in all browsers:

Chrome Edge Firefox Safari Opera IE
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes