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HTML DOM lastChild Property

Element Object


Get the HTML content of the last child node of an <ul> element:

var x = document.getElementById("myList").lastChild.innerHTML;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The lastChild property returns the last child node of the specified node, as a Node object.

The difference between this property and lastElementChild, is that lastChild returns the last child node as an element node, a text node or a comment node (depending on which one's last), while lastElementChild returns the last child node as an element node (ignores text and comment nodes).

Note: Whitespace inside elements is considered as text, and text is considered as nodes (See "More Examples").

This property is read-only.

Tip: Use the element.childNodes property to return any child node of a specified node.

Tip: To return the first child node of a specified node, use the firstChild property.

Browser Support

lastChild Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes



Technical Details

Return Value: A Node object, representing the last child of a node, or null if there are no child nodes
DOM Version Core Level 1 Node Object

More Examples


In this example, we demonstrate how whitespace may interfare with this property.

Get the node name of the last child node of a <div> element:

Whitespace inside elements is considered as text, and text is considered as nodes
In this example, there is whitespace before <p>, before <span> and after <span>
Therefore, the last child node of <div> is a #text node, and not the <span> element you expected

<div id="myDIV">
  <p>Looks like first child</p>
  <span>Looks like last Child</span>

var x = document.getElementById("myDIV").lastChild.nodeName;
document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = x;
Try it Yourself »


However, if we remove the whitespace from the source, there are no #text nodes in <div>, which will make the <span> element the last child node:

<div id="myDIV"><p>First child</p><span>Last Child</span></div>

var x = document.getElementById("myDIV").lastChild.nodeName;
document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = x;
Try it Yourself »


Get the text of the last child node of a <select> element:

var x = document.getElementById("mySelect").lastChild.text;
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

HTML DOM reference: node.firstChild Property

HTML DOM reference: node.childNodes Property

HTML DOM reference: node.parentNode Property

HTML DOM reference: node.nextSibling Property

HTML DOM reference: node.previousSibling Property

HTML DOM reference: node.nodeName Property

Element Object