Tutorials References Exercises Videos Pro NEW Menu
Paid Courses Website NEW


JS Reference

JS by Category JS by Alphabet

JavaScript

JS Array JS Boolean JS Classes JS Date JS Error JS Global JS JSON JS Math JS Number JS Operators JS RegExp JS Statements JS String

Window

Window Object Window Console Window History Window Location Window Navigator Window Screen

HTML DOM

HTML Documents HTML Elements HTML Attributes HTML Events HTML Event Objects HTML Collection HTML NodeList HTML DOMTokenList HTML Styles
alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cssFloat cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

Web APIs

API Console API Fullscreen API Geolocation API History API MediaQueryList API Storage

HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion


HTML DOM Document querySelector()

Examples

Get the first <p> element:

document.querySelector("p");
Try it Yourself »

Get the first element with class="example":

document.querySelector(".example");
Try it Yourself »

More examples below.


Definition and Usage

The querySelector() method returns the first element that matches a CSS selector.

To return all matches (not only the first), use the querySelectorAll() instead.

Both querySelector() and querySelectorAll() throw a SYNTAX_ERR exception if the selector(s) is invalid.


The Difference Between an HTMLCollection and a NodeList

A NodeList and an HTMLcollection is very much the same thing.

Both are array-like collections (lists) of nodes (elements) extracted from a document. The nodes can be accessed by index numbers. The index starts at 0.

Both have a length property that returns the number of elements in the list (collection).

An HTMLCollection is a collection of document elements.

A NodeList is a collection of document nodes (element nodes, attribute nodes, and text nodes).

HTMLCollection items can be accessed by their name, id, or index number.

NodeList items can only be accessed by their index number.

An HTMLCollection is always a live collection. Example: If you add a <li> element to a list in the DOM, the list in the HTMLCollection will also change.

A NodeList is most often a static collection. Example: If you add a <li> element to a list in the DOM, the list in NodeList will not change.

The getElementsByClassName() and getElementsByTagName() methods return a live HTMLCollection.

The querySelectorAll() method returns a static NodeList.

The childNodes property returns a live NodeList.


Syntax

document.querySelector(CSS selectors)

Parameters

Parameter Description
CSS
selectors
Required.
One or more CSS selectors.

CSS selectors select HTML elements based on id, classes, types, attributes, values of attributes etc.
For a full list, go to our CSS Selectors Reference.

For multiple selectors, separate each selector with a comma (See "More Examples").

Return Value

Type Description
ObjectA NodeList with the first element that matches the CSS selector(s).
If no matches are found, null is returned.


More Examples

Get the first <p> element in with class="example":

document.querySelector("p.example");
Try it Yourself »

Change the text of the element with id="demo":

document.querySelector("#demo").innerHTML = "Hello World!";
Try it Yourself »

Select the first <p> element with the parent is a <div> element.

document.querySelector("div > p");
Try it Yourself »

Select the first <a> element that has a "target" attribute:

document.querySelector("a[target]");
Try it Yourself »

Select the first <h3> or the first <h4>:

<h3>A h3 element</h3>
<h4>A h4 element</h4>
document.querySelector("h3, h4").style.backgroundColor = "red";
Try it Yourself »

Select the first <h3> or the first <h4>:

<h4>A h4 element</h4>
<h3>A h3 element</h3>
document.querySelector("h3, h4").style.backgroundColor = "red";
Try it Yourself »

Browser Support

document.querySelector() is a DOM Level 1 (1998) feature.

It is fully supported in all browsers:

Chrome IE Edge Firefox Safari Opera
Yes 9-11 Yes Yes Yes Yes