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KeyboardEvent keyCode Property

❮ Event Object

Example

Get the Unicode value of the pressed keyboard key:

var x = event.keyCode;

The result of x could be:

119   // 119 is the character "w"
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More "Try it Yourself" examples below.


Definition and Usage

The keyCode property returns the Unicode character code of the key that triggered the onkeypress event, or the Unicode key code of the key that triggered the onkeydown or onkeyup event.

The difference between the two code types:

  • Character codes - A number which represents an ASCII character
  • Key codes - A number which represents an actual key on the keyboard

These types do not always mean the same thing; for example, a lower case "w" and an upper case "W" have the same keyboard code, because the key that is pressed on the keyboard is the same (just "W" = the number "87"), but a different character code because the resulting character is different (either "w" or "W", which is "119" or "87") - See "More Examples" below to better understand it.

Tip: To find out if the user is pressing a printable key (e.g. "a" or "5"), it is recommended to use this property on the onkeypress event. To find out if the user is pressing a function key (e.g. "F1", "CAPS LOCK" or "Home") use the onkeydown or onkeyup event.

Note: In Firefox, the keyCode property does not work on the onkeypress event (will only return 0). For a cross-browser solution, use the which property together with keyCode, e.g:

var x = event.which || event.keyCode;  // Use either which or keyCode, depending on browser support

Tip: For a list of all Unicode characters, please study our Complete Unicode Reference.

Tip: If you want to convert the returned Unicode value into a character, use the fromCharCode() method.

Note: This property is read-only.

Note: Both the keyCode and which property is provided for compatibility only. The latest version of the DOM Events Specification recommend using the key property instead (if available).

Tip: If you want to find out whether the "ALT", "CTRL", "META" or "SHIFT" key was pressed when a key event occured, use the altKey, ctrlKey, metaKey or shiftKey property.


Browser Support

Property
keyCode Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


Syntax

event.keyCode

Technical Details

Return Value: A Number, representing either a Unicode character code or the Unicode key code
DOM Version: DOM Level 2 Events

More Examples

Example

Using onkeypress and onkeydown to demonstrate the differences between character codes and keyboard codes:

<input type="text" onkeypress="uniCharCode(event)" onkeydown="uniKeyCode(event)">

function uniCharCode(event) {
    var char = event.which || event.keyCode;
    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Unicode CHARACTER code: " + char;
}

function uniKeyCode(event) {
    var key = event.keyCode;
    document.getElementById("demo2").innerHTML = "Unicode KEY code: " + key;
}

When pressing the "a" key on the keyboard (not using caps lock), the result of char and key will be:

Unicode CHARACTER code: 97
Unicode KEY code: 65
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Example

Alert some text if the user presses the Escape key:

<input type="text" onkeydown="myFunction(event)">

function myFunction(event) {
    var x = event.keyCode;
    if (x == 27) {  // 27 is the ESC key
        alert ("You pressed the Escape key!");
    }
}
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Example

Convert the Unicode value into a character (does not work for function keys):

var x = event.keyCode;                // Get the Unicode value
var y = String.fromCharCode(x);       // Convert the value into a character
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Related Pages

HTML DOM reference: KeyboardEvent key Property

HTML DOM reference: KeyboardEvent charCode Property

HTML DOM reference: KeyboardEvent which Property


❮ Event Object