Style orphans Property

❮ Style Object


Change the orphans and check print or print preview:

function ChangeOrphans() {
    document.getElementById("p1").style.orphans = document.getElementById("orphans").value;
.othercontent {
    width: 400px;
    border-top: 19cm solid #c3c3c3;

@page {
    /* set size of printed page */
    size:21cm 27cm;

@media print {
    .orphans {

<div class="othercontent">
<input id="orphans" value="2">
<button onclick="ChangeOrphans();">Change orphans</button>

<p style="font-size:120%" id="p1">
Change orphans and see the print preview.<br>
Line 2<br>
Line 3<br>
Line 4<br>
Line 5<br>
Line 6<br>
Line 7<br>
Line 8<br>

Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The orphans property sets or returns the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the bottom of a page (for printing or print preview).

The orphans property only affects block-level elements.

Tip: orphans:5 means that at least 5 lines must be visible above the page break.

Tip: See the widows property to set or return the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the top of a page.

Browser Support

orphans Yes Not supported Not supported Not supported Yes


Return the orphans property:

Set the orphans property: = "number|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
number An integer that specifies the minimum number of visible lines. Negative values are not allowed. The default value is 2
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: 2
Return Value: A String, representing the minimum number of lines to print at the bottom of the page
CSS Version CSS2

❮ Style Object