JS Reference

JS by Category JS by Alphabet


JS Arrays JS Boolean JS Classes JS Dates JS Error JS Global JS JSON JS Maps JS Math JS Numbers JS Objects JS Operators JS Precedence JS Promises JS RegExp JS Sets JS Statements JS Strings JS TypedArray


Window Object Window Console Window History Window Location Window Navigator Window Screen


HTML Documents HTML Elements HTML Attributes HTML Collection HTML NodeList HTML DOMTokenList HTML Styles
alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundClip backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundOrigin backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cssFloat cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

HTML Events

HTML Events HTML Event Objects HTML Event Properties HTML Event Methods

Web APIs

API Canvas API Console API Fetch API Fullscreen API Geolocation API History API MediaQueryList API Storage API Validation API Web

HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion

Window Document

The Document Object

When an HTML document is loaded into a web browser, it becomes a document object.

The document object is the root node of the HTML document.

The document object is a property of the window object.

The document object is accessed with:

window.document or just document


let url = window.document.URL;
Try it Yourself »
let url = document.URL;
Try it Yourself »

Document Object Properties and Methods

The following properties and methods can be used on HTML documents:

Property / Method Description
activeElement Returns the currently focused element in the document
addEventListener() Attaches an event handler to the document
adoptNode() Adopts a node from another document
anchors Deprecated
applets Deprecated
baseURI Returns the absolute base URI of a document
body Sets or returns the document's body (the <body> element)
charset Deprecated
characterSet Returns the character encoding for the document
close() Closes the output stream previously opened with
cookie Returns all name/value pairs of cookies in the document
createAttribute() Creates an attribute node
createComment() Creates a Comment node with the specified text
createDocumentFragment() Creates an empty DocumentFragment node
createElement() Creates an Element node
createEvent() Creates a new event
createTextNode() Creates a Text node
defaultView Returns the window object associated with a document, or null if none is available.
designMode Controls whether the entire document should be editable or not.
doctype Returns the Document Type Declaration associated with the document
documentElement Returns the Document Element of the document (the <html> element)
documentMode Deprecated
documentURI Sets or returns the location of the document
domain Returns the domain name of the server that loaded the document
domConfig Deprecated
embeds Returns a collection of all <embed> elements the document
execCommand() Deprecated
forms Returns a collection of all <form> elements in the document
getElementById() Returns the element that has the ID attribute with the specified value
getElementsByClassName() Returns an HTMLCollection containing all elements with the specified class name
getElementsByName() Returns an live NodeList containing all elements with the specified name
getElementsByTagName() Returns an HTMLCollection containing all elements with the specified tag name
hasFocus() Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the document has focus
head Returns the <head> element of the document
images Returns a collection of all <img> elements in the document
implementation Returns the DOMImplementation object that handles this document
importNode() Imports a node from another document
inputEncoding Deprecated
lastModified Returns the date and time the document was last modified
links Returns a collection of all <a> and <area> elements in the document that have a href attribute
normalize() Removes empty Text nodes, and joins adjacent nodes
normalizeDocument() Deprecated
open() Opens an HTML output stream to collect output from document.write()
querySelector() Returns the first element that matches a specified CSS selector(s) in the document
querySelectorAll() Returns a static NodeList containing all elements that matches a specified CSS selector(s) in the document
readyState Returns the (loading) status of the document
referrer Returns the URL of the document that loaded the current document
removeEventListener() Removes an event handler from the document (that has been attached with the addEventListener() method)
renameNode() Deprecated
scripts Returns a collection of <script> elements in the document
strictErrorChecking Deprecated
title Sets or returns the title of the document
URL Returns the full URL of the HTML document
write() Writes HTML expressions or JavaScript code to a document
writeln() Same as write(), but adds a newline character after each statement


Contact Sales

If you want to use W3Schools services as an educational institution, team or enterprise, send us an e-mail:

Report Error

If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, send us an e-mail:

W3Schools is optimized for learning and training. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. While using W3Schools, you agree to have read and accepted our terms of use, cookie and privacy policy.

Copyright 1999-2024 by Refsnes Data. All Rights Reserved. W3Schools is Powered by W3.CSS.