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alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap cssFloat font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex
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<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

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HTML DOM item() Method

Element Object


Get the HTML content of the first <p> element (index 0) inside the document:

var nodelist = document.getElementsByTagName("P").item(0).innerHTML;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The item() method returns a node at the specified index in a NodeList object.

The nodes are sorted as they appear in the source code, and the index starts at 0.

A Node object's collection of child nodes is an example of a NodeList object.

Note: There are two ways to access a node at the specified index in a node list:

This syntax:

document.body.childNodes.item(0);    // The first child node of <body>Try it

Will produce the same result as this syntax:

document.body.childNodes[0];         // The first child node of <body>Try it

You can use whatever method you like, however, the most common method is [index].

Tip: Use the length property to return the number of nodes in a NodeList object.

Browser Support

item() Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes



or simply:


Parameter Values

Parameter Type Description
index Number Required. The index of the node you want to return, in the node list.

Note: The index starts at 0

Technical Details

Return Value: A Node object, representing the node at the specified index.

Note: Returns null if the index number is out of range
DOM Version Core Level 1 Nodelist Object

More Examples


Get the HTML content of the first <p> element (index 0) inside a <div> element:

var div = document.getElementById("myDIV");
var nodelist = div.getElementsByTagName("P")[0].innerHTML;
Try it Yourself »


Change the HTML content of the first <p> element (index 0) inside a <div> element:

var div = document.getElementById("myDIV");
div.getElementsByTagName("P")[0].innerHTML = "Paragraph changed";
Try it Yourself »


Loop through all elements with class="child" in a <div> element, and change their background color:

var div = document.getElementById("myDIV");
var nodelist = div.getElementsByClassName("child");

var i;
for (i = 0; i < nodelist.length; i++) {
  nodelist[i].style.backgroundColor = "red";
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

HTML DOM Reference: nodelist.length Property

HTML DOM Reference: element.childNodes Property

HTML DOM Reference: element.getElementsByClassName() Method

HTML DOM Reference: element.getElementsByTagName() Method

HTML DOM Reference: element.querySelectorAll() Method

HTML DOM Reference: document.getElementsByClassName() Method

HTML DOM Reference: document.getElementsByName() Method

HTML DOM Reference: document.getElementsByTagName() Method

HTML DOM Reference: document.querySelectorAll() Method

Element Object