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DOM Attributes DOM Document DOM Element DOM Events DOM Event Objects DOM HTMLCollection DOM Style
alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap cssFloat font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

Web APIs

API Console API Geolocation API History API MediaQueryList API Storage

HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion

HTML DOM appendChild() Method

Element Object


Append an item in a list:

var node = document.createElement("LI");                 // Create a <li> node
var textnode = document.createTextNode("Water");         // Create a text node
node.appendChild(textnode);                              // Append the text to <li>
document.getElementById("myList").appendChild(node);     // Append <li> to <ul> with id="myList"

Before appending:

  • Coffee
  • Tea

After appending:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Water
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The appendChild() method appends a node as the last child of a node.

Tip: If you want to create a new paragraph, with text, remember to create the text as a Text node which you append to the paragraph, then append the paragraph to the document.

You can also use this method to move an element from one element to another (See "More Examples").

Tip: Use the insertBefore() method to insert a new child node before a specified, existing, child node.

Browser Support

appendChild() Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes



Parameter Values

Parameter Type Description
node Node object Required. The node object you want to append

Technical Details

Return Value: A Node Object, representing the appended node
DOM Version Core Level 1 Node Object

More Examples


Move a list item from one list to another:

var node = document.getElementById("myList2").lastChild;

Before appending:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Water
  • Milk

After appending:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk
  • Water
Try it Yourself »


Create a <p> element and append it to a <div> element:

var para = document.createElement("P");                       // Create a <p> node
var t = document.createTextNode("This is a paragraph.");      // Create a text node
para.appendChild(t);                                          // Append the text to <p>
document.getElementById("myDIV").appendChild(para);           // Append <p> to <div> with id="myDIV"
Try it Yourself »


Create a <p> element with some text and append it to the end of the document body:

var x = document.createElement("P");                        // Create a <p> node
var t = document.createTextNode("This is a paragraph.");    // Create a text node
x.appendChild(t);                                           // Append the text to <p>
document.body.appendChild(x);                               // Append <p> to <body>
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

HTML DOM reference: element.hasChildNodes() Method

HTML DOM reference: element.insertBefore() Method

HTML DOM reference: element.removeChild() Method

HTML DOM reference: element.replaceChild() Method

HTML DOM reference: document.createElement() Method

HTML DOM reference: document.createTextNode() Method

HTML DOM reference: document.adoptNode() Method

HTML DOM reference: document.importNode() Method

Element Object