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The History of AI

History of AI and ML

1950Alan Turing publishes "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"
1952Arthur Samuel develops a self-learning program to play checkers
1956Artificial Intelligence used by John McCarthy in a conference
1957First programming language for numeric and scientific computing (FORTRAN)
1958First AI programming language (LISP)
1959Arthur Samuel used the term Machine Learning
1959John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky founded the MIT Artificial Intelligence Project
1961First industrial Robot (Unimate) on the assembly line at General Motors
1965ELIZA by Joseph Weizenbaum was the first program that could communicate on any topic
1972First logic programming language (PROLOG)
1991U.S. forces uses DART (automated logistics planning and scheduling) in the Gulf war
1997Deep Blue (IBM) beats the world champion in chess
2002The first robot cleaner (Roomba)
2005Self-driving car (STANLEY) wins DARPA
2008Breakthrough in speech recognition (Google)
2011A neural network wins over humans in traffic sign recognition (99.46% vs 99.22%)
2011Apple Siri
2011Watson (IBM) wins Jeopardy!
2014Amazon Alexa
2014Microsoft Cortana
2014Self-driving car (Google) passes a state driving test
2015Google AlphaGo defeated various human champions in the board game Go
2016The human robot Sofia by Hanson Robotics

Why AI Now?

One of the greatest innovators in the field of machine learning was John McCarthy, widely recognized as the "Father of Artificial Intelligence".

In the mid 1950s, McCarthy coined the term "Artificial Intelligence" and defined it as "the science of making intelligent machines".

The algorithms has been here since then. Why is AI more interesting now?

The answer is:

  • Computing power has not been strong enough
  • Computer storage has not been large enough
  • Big data has not been available
  • Fast Internet has not been available

Another strong force is the major investments from big companies (Google, Microsoft, Facebook, YouTube) because their datasets became much too big to handle traditionally.

Man vs Machine


Interesting Questions

Studying AI raises many interesting questions:

"Can computers think like humans?"

"Can computers be smarter than humans?"

"Can computers take over the world?"

Machines can understand verbal commands, recognize faces, drive cars, and play games better than us.

How long will it take before they walk among us?

Artificial Intelligence Films

Science-Fiction film.
Rated as one of the greatest and most influential films ever made.
1951The Day the Earth Stood Still
Science-Fiction film.
Rated by the US National Film Registry in 1995 as culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
19682001 A Space Odyssey
Epic Science-Fiction film.
Rated by the US Library of Congress in 1991 as culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
1977Star Wars
1977Demon Seed
1982Blade Runner
1984The Terminator
Science-Fiction film.
"DARYL (acronym for "Data-Analyzing Robot Youth Lifeform") in an artificial intelligence experiment created by the government.
1986Short Circuit
1994Star Trek
1999Bicentennial Man
1999The Matrix
2001A.I. (Spielberg)
2004I, Robot
2013The Machine
2015Ex Machina
HBO Series
2016Infinity Chamber
2019I am Mother
2020Coded Bias