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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Is a Contrast to
Human Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence suggest that machines can mimic humans in:

  • Talking
  • Thinking
  • Learning
  • Planning
  • Understanding

Artificial Intelligence is also called Machine Intelligence and Computer Intelligence.


Arthur Samuel 1959:

"Machine Learning is a subfield of computer science that gives computers the ability to learn without being programmed"

Arthur Samuel, IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 3, 1959.


Wikipedia 2022:

Artificial intelligence is intelligence demonstrated by machines. Unlike natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, which involves consciousness and emotionality.


Investopedia 2022:

Artificial intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.


IBM 2022:

Artificial intelligence leverages computers and machines to mimic the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind.


Britannica 2022:

Artificial intelligence is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings, .... such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.


Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence is a scientific discipline embracing several Data Science fields ranging from narrow AI to strong AI, including machine learning, deep learning, big data and data mining.

Artificial Intelligence Narrow AI Machine Learning Neural Networks Big Data Deep Learning Strong AI

Narrow AI

Narrow Artificial Intelligence is limited to narrow (specific) areas like most of the AI we have around us today:

  • Email spam Filters
  • Text to Speech
  • Speech Recognition
  • Self Driving Cars
  • E-Payment
  • Google Maps
  • Text Autocorrect
  • Automated Translation
  • Chatbots
  • Social Media
  • Face Detection
  • Visual Perception
  • Search Algorithms
  • Robots
  • Automated Investment
  • NLP - Natural Language Processing
  • Flying Drones
  • IBM's Dr. Watson
  • Apple's Siri
  • Microsoft's Cortana
  • Amazon's Alexa
  • Netflix's Recommendations

Narrow AI is also called Weak AI.

Weak AI: Built to simulate human intelligence.

Strong AI: Built to copy human intelligence.



Strong AI

Strong Artificial Intelligence is the type of AI that mimics human intelligence.

Strong AI indicates the ability to think, plan, learn, and communicate.

Strong AI is the theoretical next level of AI: True Intelligence.

Strong AI moves towards machines with self-awareness, consciousness, and objective thoughts.

One need not decide if a machine can "think".
One need only decide if a machine can act as intelligently as a human.

Alan Turing