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A Plotter Object

Having a Plotter Object is nice when studying Artificial Intelligence:

  • Makes AI more Fun
  • Makes AI more Visual
  • Makes AI more Understandable

Create a Plotter Object

Example

function XYPlotter(id) {

this.canvas = document.getElementById(id);
this.ctx = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
this.xMin = 0;
this.yMin = 0;
this.xMax = this.canvas.width;
this.yMax = this.canvas.height;
.
.

Add a Method for Plotting a Line

Example

this.plotLine = function(x0, y0, x, y, color) {
  this.ctx.moveTo(x0, y0);
  this.ctx.lineTo(x, y);
  this.ctx.strokeStyle = color;
  this.ctx.stroke();
}

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Add a Method for Transforming XY Values

Example

this.transformXY = function() {
  this.ctx.transform(1, 0, 0, -1, 0, this.canvas.height)
}

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Add a Method for Plotting Points

Example

this.plotPoints = function(n, xArr, yArr, color, radius = 3) {
  for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    this.ctx.fillStyle = color;
    this.ctx.beginPath();
    this.ctx.ellipse(xArr[i], yArr[i], radius, radius, 0, 0, Math.PI * 2);
    this.ctx.fill();
  }
}

Plot Some Random Points

Example

// Create a Plotter
let myPlotter = new XYPlotter("myCanvas");

// Create random XY Points
numPoints = 500;
const xPoints = Array(numPoints).fill(0).map(function(){return Math.random() * myPlotter.xMax});
const yPoints = Array(numPoints).fill(0).map(function(){return Math.random() * myPlotter.yMax});

// Plot the Points
myPlotter.plotPoints(numPoints, xPoints, yPoints, "blue");

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Put the Code in a Library

Source Code

function XYPlotter(id) {

this.canvas = document.getElementById(id);
this.ctx = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
this.xMin = 0;
this.yMin = 0;
this.xMax = this.canvas.width;
this.yMax = this.canvas.height;

// Plot Line Function
this.plotLine = function(x0, y0, x, y, color) {
  this.ctx.moveTo(x0, y0);
  this.ctx.lineTo(x, y);
  this.ctx.strokeStyle = color;
  this.ctx.stroke();
}

// Transform XY Function
this.transformXY = function() {
  this.ctx.transform(1, 0, 0, -1, 0, this.canvas.height)
}

// Pot Points Function
this.plotPoints = function(n, xArr, yArr, color, radius = 3) {
  for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    this.ctx.fillStyle = color;
    this.ctx.beginPath();
    this.ctx.ellipse(xArr[i], yArr[i], radius, radius, 0, 0, Math.PI * 2);
    this.ctx.fill();
  }
}

} // End Plotter Object

Save it in a file (like "myplotlib.js")

Use it in Your HTML Pages

Now you can add your plotter object to your HTML pages:

Example

<script src="myplotlib.js"></script>

Try it Yourself »