THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE
×

JS Tutorial

JS HOME JS Introduction JS Where To JS Output JS Syntax JS Statements JS Comments JS Variables JS Operators JS Arithmetic JS Assignment JS Data Types JS Functions JS Objects JS Scope JS Events JS Strings JS String Methods JS Numbers JS Number Methods JS Math JS Random JS Dates JS Date Formats JS Date Methods JS Arrays JS Array Methods JS Array Sort JS Booleans JS Comparisons JS Conditions JS Switch JS Loop For JS Loop While JS Break JS Type Conversion JS Bitwise JS RegExp JS Errors JS Debugging JS Hoisting JS Strict Mode JS Style Guide JS Best Practices JS Mistakes JS Performance JS Reserved Words JS Versions JS JSON

JS Forms

JS Forms Forms API

JS Objects

Object Definitions Object Properties Object Methods Object Prototypes

JS Functions

Function Definitions Function Parameters Function Invocation Function Call Function Apply Function Closures

JS HTML DOM

DOM Intro DOM Methods DOM Document DOM Elements DOM HTML DOM CSS DOM Animations DOM Events DOM Event Listener DOM Navigation DOM Nodes DOM Collections DOM Node Lists

JS Browser BOM

JS Window JS Screen JS Location JS History JS Navigator JS Popup Alert JS Timing JS Cookies

JS AJAX

AJAX Intro AJAX XMLHttp AJAX Request AJAX Response AJAX XML File AJAX PHP AJAX ASP AJAX Database AJAX Applications AJAX Examples

JS JSON

JSON Intro JSON Syntax JSON vs XML JSON Data Types JSON Objects JSON Arrays JSON Parse JSON Stringify JSON PHP JSON HTML JSON JSONP

JS Examples

JS Examples JS HTML DOM JS HTML Input JS HTML Objects JS HTML Events JS Browser JS Quiz JS Certificate

JS References

JavaScript Objects HTML DOM Objects


JavaScript HTML DOM Animation


Learn to create HTML animations using JavaScript.


A Basic Web Page

To demonstrate how to create HTML animations with JavaScript, we will use a simple web page:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My First JavaScript Animation</h1>

<div id="animation">My animation will go here</div>

</body>
</html>
Try it Yourself »

Create an Animation Container

All animations should be relative to a container element.

Example

<div id ="container">
    <div id ="animate">My animation will go here</div>
</div>

Style the Elements

The container element should be created with style = "position: relative".

The animation element should be created with style = "position: absolute".

Example

#container {
    width: 400px;
    height: 400px;
    position: relative;
    background: yellow;
}
#animate {
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    position: absolute;
    background: red;
}
Try it Yourself »


Animation Code

JavaScript animations are done by programming gradual changes in an element's style.

The changes are called by a timer. When the timer interval is small, the animation looks continuous.

The basic code is:

Example

var id = setInterval(frame, 5);

function frame() {
    if (/* test for finished */) {
        clearInterval(id);
    } else {
        /* code to change the element style */ 
    }
}

Create the Animation Using JavaScript

Example

function myMove() {
    var elem = document.getElementById("animate");
    var pos = 0;
    var id = setInterval(frame, 5);
    function frame() {
        if (pos == 350) {
            clearInterval(id);
        } else {
            pos++;
            elem.style.top = pos + 'px';
            elem.style.left = pos + 'px';
        }
    }
}
Try it Yourself »