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JavaScript Introduction

This page contains some examples of what JavaScript can do.

JavaScript Can Change HTML Content

One of many JavaScript HTML methods is getElementById().

The example below "finds" an HTML element (with id="demo"), and changes the element content (innerHTML) to "Hello JavaScript":

Example

document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello JavaScript";
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JavaScript accepts both double and single quotes:

Example

document.getElementById('demo').innerHTML = 'Hello JavaScript';
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JavaScript Can Change HTML Attribute Values

In this example JavaScript changes the value of the src (source) attribute of an <img> tag:

The Light Bulb

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JavaScript Can Change HTML Styles (CSS)

Changing the style of an HTML element, is a variant of changing an HTML attribute:

Example

document.getElementById("demo").style.fontSize = "35px";
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JavaScript Can Hide HTML Elements

Hiding HTML elements can be done by changing the display style:

Example

document.getElementById("demo").style.display = "none";
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JavaScript Can Show HTML Elements

Showing hidden HTML elements can also be done by changing the display style:

Example

document.getElementById("demo").style.display = "block";
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Did You Know?

JavaScript and Java are completely different languages, both in concept and design.

JavaScript was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995, and became an ECMA standard in 1997.

ECMA-262 is the official name of the standard. ECMAScript is the official name of the language.

JavaScript Versions »