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JavaScript Template Literals

Synonyms:

  • Template Literals
  • Template Strings
  • String Templates
  • Back-Tics Syntax

Back-Tics Syntax

Template Literals use back-ticks (``) rather than the quotes ("") to define a string:

Example

let text = `Hello World!`;

Try it Yourself »


Quotes Inside Strings

With template literals, you can use both single and double quotes inside a string:

Example

let text = `He's often called "Johnny"`;

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Multiline Strings

Template literals allows multiline strings:

Example

let text =
`The quick
brown fox
jumps over
the lazy dog`;

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Interpolation

Template literals provide an easy way to interpolate variables and expressions into strings.

The method is called string interpolation.

The syntax is:

${...}

Variable Substitutions

Template literals allows variables in strings:

Example

let firstName = "John";
let lastName = "Doe";

let text = `Welcome ${firstName,}, ${firstName,}`;

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Automatic replacing of variables with real values is called string interpolation.


Expression Substitution

Template literals allows expressions in strings:

Example

let price = 10;
let VAT = 0.25;

let total = `Total: ${(price * (1 + VAT)).toFixed(2)}`;

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Automatic replacing of expressions with real values is called string interpolation.


HTML Templates

Example

let header = "Templates Literals";
let tags = ["template literals", "javascript", "es6"];

let html = `<h2>${header}</h2><ul>`;
for (const x of tags) {
  html += `<li>${x}</li>`;
}

html += `</ul>`;

Try it Yourself »


Browser Support

Template Literals are not supported in Internet Explorer.

The first browser versions with full support was:

Chrome 41 Edge 13 Firefox 34 Safari 10 Opera 29
Mar 2015 Nov 2015 Dec 2014 Sep 2016 Apr 2015

Complete String Reference

For a complete reference, go to our Complete JavaScript String Reference.

The reference contains descriptions and examples of all string properties and methods.