THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE
×

JS Tutorial

JS HOME JS Introduction JS Where To JS Output JS Syntax JS Statements JS Comments JS Variables JS Operators JS Arithmetic JS Assignment JS Data Types JS Functions JS Objects JS Scope JS Events JS Strings JS String Methods JS Numbers JS Number Methods JS Math JS Random JS Dates JS Date Formats JS Date Methods JS Arrays JS Array Methods JS Array Sort JS Booleans JS Comparisons JS Conditions JS Switch JS Loop For JS Loop While JS Break JS Type Conversion JS Bitwise JS RegExp JS Errors JS Debugging JS Hoisting JS Strict Mode JS Style Guide JS Best Practices JS Mistakes JS Performance JS Reserved Words JS Versions JS JSON

JS Forms

JS Forms Forms API

JS Objects

Object Definitions Object Properties Object Methods Object Prototypes

JS Functions

Function Definitions Function Parameters Function Invocation Function Call Function Apply Function Closures

JS HTML DOM

DOM Intro DOM Methods DOM Document DOM Elements DOM HTML DOM CSS DOM Animations DOM Events DOM Event Listener DOM Navigation DOM Nodes DOM Collections DOM Node Lists

JS Browser BOM

JS Window JS Screen JS Location JS History JS Navigator JS Popup Alert JS Timing JS Cookies

JS AJAX

AJAX Intro AJAX XMLHttp AJAX Request AJAX Response AJAX XML File AJAX PHP AJAX ASP AJAX Database AJAX Applications AJAX Examples

JS JSON

JSON Intro JSON Syntax JSON vs XML JSON Data Types JSON Objects JSON Arrays JSON Parse JSON Stringify JSON PHP JSON HTML JSON JSONP

JS Examples

JS Examples JS HTML DOM JS HTML Input JS HTML Objects JS HTML Events JS Browser JS Quiz JS Certificate

JS References

JavaScript Objects HTML DOM Objects


XML Applications


This chapter demonstrates some HTML applications using XML, HTTP, DOM, and JavaScript.


The XML Document Used

In this chapter we will use the XML file called "cd_catalog.xml".


Display XML Data in an HTML Table

This example loops through each <CD> element, and displays the values of the <ARTIST> and the <TITLE> elements in an HTML table:

Example

<html>
<head>
<style>
table, th, td {
  border: 1px solid black;
  border-collapse:collapse;
}
th, td {
  padding: 5px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<table id="demo"></table>

<script>
function loadXMLDoc() {
  var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
  xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
    if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
      myFunction(this);
    }
  };
  xmlhttp.open("GET", "cd_catalog.xml", true);
  xmlhttp.send();
}
function myFunction(xml) {
  var i;
  var xmlDoc = xml.responseXML;
  var table="<tr><th>Artist</th><th>Title</th></tr>";
  var x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("CD");
  for (i = 0; i <x.length; i++) {
    table += "<tr><td>" +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("ARTIST")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "</td><td>" +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("TITLE")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "</td></tr>";
  }
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = table;
}
</script>

</body>
</html>
Try it Yourself »

For more information about using JavaScript and the XML DOM, go to DOM Intro.



Display the First CD in an HTML div Element

This example uses a function to display the first CD element in an HTML element with id="showCD":

Example

displayCD(0);

function displayCD(i) {
    var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
            myFunction(this, i);
        }
    };
    xmlhttp.open("GET", "cd_catalog.xml", true);
    xmlhttp.send();
}

function myFunction(xml, i) {
    var xmlDoc = xml.responseXML;
    x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("CD");
    document.getElementById("showCD").innerHTML =
    "Artist: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("ARTIST")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "<br>Title: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("TITLE")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "<br>Year: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("YEAR")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
}
Try it Yourself »

Navigate Between the CDs

To navigate between the CDs, in the example above, add a next() and previous() function:

Example

function next() {
  // display the next CD, unless you are on the last CD
  if (i < x.length-1) {
    i++;
    displayCD(i);
  }
}

function previous() {
  // display the previous CD, unless you are on the first CD
  if (i > 0) {
  i--;
  displayCD(i);
  }
}
Try it Yourself »

Show Album Information When Clicking On a CD

The last example shows how you can show album information when the user clicks on a CD:

Try it yourself.