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HTML DOM Style Object


Style object

The Style object represents an individual style statement.

Access a Style Object

The Style object can be accessed from the head section of the document, or from specific HTML element(s).

Accessing style object(s) from the head section of the document:

var x = document.getElementsByTagName("STYLE"); Try it

Accessing a specified element's style object:

var x = document.getElementById("myH1").style; Try it

Create a Style Object

You can create a <style> element by using the document.createElement() method:

var x = document.createElement("STYLE"); Try it

You can also set the style properties of an existing element:

document.getElementById("myH1").style.color = "red"; Try it

Style Object Properties

The "CSS" column indicates in which CSS version the property is defined (CSS1, CSS2, or CSS3).

Property Description CSS
alignContent Sets or returns the alignment between the lines inside a flexible container when the items do not use all available space. 3
alignItems Sets or returns the alignment for items inside a flexible container. 3
alignSelf Sets or returns the alignment for selected items inside a flexible container. 3
animation A shorthand property for all the animation properties below, except the animationPlayState property 3
animationDelay Sets or returns when the animation will start 3
animationDirection Sets or returns whether or not the animation should play in reverse on alternate cycles 3
animationDuration Sets or returns how many seconds or milliseconds an animation takes to complete one cycle 3
animationFillMode Sets or returns what values are applied by the animation outside the time it is executing 3
animationIterationCount Sets or returns the number of times an animation should be played 3
animationName Sets or returns a name for the @keyframes animation 3
animationTimingFunction Sets or returns the speed curve of the animation 3
animationPlayState Sets or returns whether the animation is running or paused 3
background Sets or returns all the background properties in one declaration 1
backgroundAttachment Sets or returns whether a background-image is fixed or scrolls with the page 1
backgroundColor Sets or returns the background-color of an element 1
backgroundImage Sets or returns the background-image for an element 1
backgroundPosition Sets or returns the starting position of a background-image 1
backgroundRepeat Sets or returns how to repeat (tile) a background-image 1
backgroundClip Sets or returns the painting area of the background 3
backgroundOrigin Sets or returns the positioning area of the background images 3
backgroundSize Sets or returns the size of the background image 3
backfaceVisibility Sets or returns whether or not an element should be visible when not facing the screen 3
border Sets or returns borderWidth, borderStyle, and borderColor in one declaration 1
borderBottom Sets or returns all the borderBottom* properties in one declaration 1
borderBottomColor Sets or returns the color of the bottom border
borderBottomLeftRadius Sets or returns the shape of the border of the bottom-left corner 3
borderBottomRightRadius Sets or returns the shape of the border of the bottom-right corner 3
borderBottomStyle Sets or returns the style of the bottom border 1
borderBottomWidth Sets or returns the width of the bottom border 1
borderCollapse Sets or returns whether the table border should be collapsed into a single border, or not 2
borderColor Sets or returns the color of an element's border (can have up to four values) 1
borderImage A shorthand property for setting or returning all the borderImage* properties 3
borderImageOutset Sets or returns the amount by which the border image area extends beyond the border box 3
borderImageRepeat Sets or returns whether the image-border should be repeated, rounded or stretched 3
borderImageSlice Sets or returns the inward offsets of the image-border 3
borderImageSource Sets or returns the image to be used as a border 3
borderImageWidth Sets or returns the widths of the image-border 3
borderLeft Sets or returns all the borderLeft* properties in one declaration 1
borderLeftColor Sets or returns the color of the left border 1
borderLeftStyle Sets or returns the style of the left border 1
borderLeftWidth Sets or returns the width of the left border 1
borderRadius A shorthand property for setting or returning all the four border*Radius properties 3
borderRight Sets or returns all the borderRight* properties in one declaration 1
borderRightColor Sets or returns the color of the right border 1
borderRightStyle Sets or returns the style of the right border 1
borderRightWidth Sets or returns the width of the right border 1
borderSpacing Sets or returns the space between cells in a table 2
borderStyle Sets or returns the style of an element's border (can have up to four values) 1
borderTop Sets or returns all the borderTop* properties in one declaration 1
borderTopColor Sets or returns the color of the top border 1
borderTopLeftRadius Sets or returns the shape of the border of the top-left corner 3
borderTopRightRadius Sets or returns the shape of the border of the top-right corner 3
borderTopStyle Sets or returns the style of the top border 1
borderTopWidth Sets or returns the width of the top border 1
borderWidth Sets or returns the width of an element's border (can have up to four values) 1
bottom Sets or returns the bottom position of a positioned element 2
boxDecorationBreak Sets or returns the behaviour of the background and border of an element at page-break, or, for in-line elements, at line-break. 3
boxShadow Attaches one or more drop-shadows to the box 3
boxSizing Allows you to define certain elements to fit an area in a certain way 3
captionSide Sets or returns the position of the table caption 2
clear Sets or returns the position of the element relative to floating objects 1
clip Sets or returns which part of a positioned element is visible 2
color Sets or returns the color of the text 1
columnCount Sets or returns the number of columns an element should be divided into 3
columnFill Sets or returns how to fill columns 3
columnGap Sets or returns the gap between the columns 3
columnRule A shorthand property for setting or returning all the columnRule* properties 3
columnRuleColor Sets or returns the color of the rule between columns 3
columnRuleStyle Sets or returns the style of the rule between columns 3
columnRuleWidth Sets or returns the width of the rule between columns 3
columns A shorthand property for setting or returning columnWidth and columnCount 3
columnSpan Sets or returns how many columns an element should span across 3
columnWidth Sets or returns the width of the columns 3
content Used with the :before and :after pseudo-elements, to insert generated content 2
counterIncrement Increments one or more counters 2
counterReset Creates or resets one or more counters 2
cursor Sets or returns the type of cursor to display for the mouse pointer 2
direction Sets or returns the text direction 2
display Sets or returns an element's display type 1
emptyCells Sets or returns whether to show the border and background of empty cells, or not 2
flex Sets or returns the length of the item, relative to the rest 3
flexBasis Sets or returns the initial length of a flexible item 3
flexDirection Sets or returns the direction of the flexible items 3
flexFlow A shorthand property for the flexDirection and the flexWrap properties 3
flexGrow Sets or returns how much the item will grow relative to the rest 3
flexShrink Sets or returns how the item will shrink relative to the rest 3
flexWrap Sets or returns whether the flexible items should wrap or not 3
cssFloat Sets or returns the horizontal alignment of an element 1
font Sets or returns fontStyle, fontVariant, fontWeight, fontSize, lineHeight, and fontFamily in one declaration 1
fontFamily Sets or returns the font family for text 1
fontSize Sets or returns the font size of the text 1
fontStyle Sets or returns whether the style of the font is normal, italic or oblique 1
fontVariant Sets or returns whether the font should be displayed in small capital letters 1
fontWeight Sets or returns the boldness of the font 1
fontSizeAdjust Preserves the readability of text when font fallback occurs 3
fontStretch Selects a normal, condensed, or expanded face from a font family 3
hangingPunctuation Specifies whether a punctuation character may be placed outside the line box 3
height Sets or returns the height of an element 1
hyphens Sets how to split words to improve the layout of paragraphs 3
icon Provides the author the ability to style an element with an iconic equivalent 3
imageOrientation Specifies a rotation in the right or clockwise direction that a user agent applies to an image 3
justifyContent Sets or returns the alignment between the items inside a flexible container when the items do not use all available space. 3
left Sets or returns the left position of a positioned element 2
letterSpacing Sets or returns the space between characters in a text 1
lineHeight Sets or returns the distance between lines in a text 1
listStyle Sets or returns listStyleImage, listStylePosition, and listStyleType in one declaration 1
listStyleImage Sets or returns an image as the list-item marker 1
listStylePosition Sets or returns the position of the list-item marker 1
listStyleType Sets or returns the list-item marker type 1
margin Sets or returns the margins of an element (can have up to four values) 1
marginBottom Sets or returns the bottom margin of an element 1
marginLeft Sets or returns the left margin of an element 1
marginRight Sets or returns the right margin of an element 1
marginTop Sets or returns the top margin of an element 1
maxHeight Sets or returns the maximum height of an element 2
maxWidth Sets or returns the maximum width of an element 2
minHeight Sets or returns the minimum height of an element 2
minWidth Sets or returns the minimum width of an element 2
navDown Sets or returns where to navigate when using the arrow-down navigation key 3
navIndex Sets or returns the tabbing order for an element 3
navLeft Sets or returns where to navigate when using the arrow-left navigation key 3
navRight Sets or returns where to navigate when using the arrow-right navigation key 3
navUp Sets or returns where to navigate when using the arrow-up navigation key 3
opacity Sets or returns the opacity level for an element 3
order Sets or returns the order of the flexible item, relative to the rest 3
orphans Sets or returns the minimum number of lines for an element that must be left at the bottom of a page when a page break occurs inside an element 2
outline Sets or returns all the outline properties in one declaration 2
outlineColor Sets or returns the color of the outline around a element 2
outlineOffset Offsets an outline, and draws it beyond the border edge 3
outlineStyle Sets or returns the style of the outline around an element 2
outlineWidth Sets or returns the width of the outline around an element 2
overflow Sets or returns what to do with content that renders outside the element box 2
overflowX Specifies what to do with the left/right edges of the content, if it overflows the element's content area 3
overflowY Specifies what to do with the top/bottom edges of the content, if it overflows the element's content area 3
padding Sets or returns the padding of an element (can have up to four values) 1
paddingBottom Sets or returns the bottom padding of an element 1
paddingLeft Sets or returns the left padding of an element 1
paddingRight Sets or returns the right padding of an element 1
paddingTop Sets or returns the top padding of an element 1
pageBreakAfter Sets or returns the page-break behavior after an element 2
pageBreakBefore Sets or returns the page-break behavior before an element 2
pageBreakInside Sets or returns the page-break behavior inside an element 2
perspective Sets or returns the perspective on how 3D elements are viewed 3
perspectiveOrigin Sets or returns the bottom position of 3D elements 3
position Sets or returns the type of positioning method used for an element (static, relative, absolute or fixed) 2
quotes Sets or returns the type of quotation marks for embedded quotations 2
resize Sets or returns whether or not an element is resizable by the user 3
right Sets or returns the right position of a positioned element 2
tableLayout Sets or returns the way to lay out table cells, rows, and columns 2
tabSize Sets or returns the length of the tab-character 3
textAlign Sets or returns the horizontal alignment of text 1
textAlignLast Sets or returns how the last line of a block or a line right before a forced line break is aligned when text-align is "justify" 3
textDecoration Sets or returns the decoration of a text 1
textDecorationColor Sets or returns the color of the text-decoration 3
textDecorationLine Sets or returns the type of line in a text-decoration 3
textDecorationStyle Sets or returns the style of the line in a text decoration 3
textIndent Sets or returns the indentation of the first line of text 1
textJustify Sets or returns the justification method used when text-align is "justify" 3
textOverflow Sets or returns what should happen when text overflows the containing element 3
textShadow Sets or returns the shadow effect of a text 3
textTransform Sets or returns the capitalization of a text 1
top Sets or returns the top position of a positioned element 2
transform Applies a 2D or 3D transformation to an element 3
transformOrigin Sets or returns the position of transformed elements 3
transformStyle Sets or returns how nested elements are rendered in 3D space 3
transition A shorthand property for setting or returning the four transition properties 3
transitionProperty Sets or returns the CSS property that the transition effect is for 3
transitionDuration Sets or returns how many seconds or milliseconds a transition effect takes to complete 3
transitionTimingFunction Sets or returns the speed curve of the transition effect 3
transitionDelay Sets or returns when the transition effect will start 3
unicodeBidi Sets or returns whether the text should be overridden to support multiple languages in the same document 2
verticalAlign Sets or returns the vertical alignment of the content in an element 1
visibility Sets or returns whether an element should be visible 2
whiteSpace Sets or returns how to handle tabs, line breaks and whitespace in a text 1
width Sets or returns the width of an element 1
wordBreak Sets or returns line breaking rules for non-CJK scripts 3
wordSpacing Sets or returns the spacing between words in a text 1
wordWrap Allows long, unbreakable words to be broken and wrap to the next line 3
widows Sets or returns the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the top of a page 2
zIndex Sets or returns the stack order of a positioned element 2


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