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Style orphans Property

Style Object Reference Style Object

Example

Change the orphans and check print or print preview:

<html>
<head>
<script>
function ChangeOrphans()
{
document.getElementById("p1").style.orphans=document.getElementById("orphans").value;
}
</script>
<style>
.othercontent
{
width:400px;
border-top:19cm solid #c3c3c3;
}

@page
{
/* set size of printed page */
size:21cm 27cm;
margin-top:2cm;
}

@media print
{
.orphans
{
orphans:2;
}
}
</style>
</head>

<body>
<div class="othercontent">
<input id="orphans" value="2">
<button onclick="ChangeOrphans();">Change orphans</button>

<p style="font-size:120%" id="p1">
Change orphans and see the print preview.<br>
Line 2<br>
Line 3<br>
Line 4<br>
Line 5<br>
Line 6<br>
Line 7<br>
Line 8<br>
</p>

</body>
</html>

Try it yourself »

Definition and Usage

The orphans property sets or returns the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the bottom of a page (for printing or print preview).

The orphans property only affects block-level elements.

Tip: orphans:5 means that at least 5 lines must be visible above the page break.

Tip: See the widows property to set or return the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the top of a page.


Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari

The orphans property is supported in Internet Explorer, Opera and Chrome.

Note: The orphans property is not supported in Firefox or Safari. The property is not supported in IE7 and earlier. IE8 requires a !DOCTYPE. IE9 and later has full support.


Syntax

Return the orphans property:

object.style.orphans

Set the orphans property:

object.style.orphans="number|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
number An integer that specifies the minimum number of visible lines. Negative values are not allowed. The default value is 2
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: 2
Return Value: A String, representing the minimum number of lines to print at the bottom of the page
CSS Version CSS2


Style Object Reference Style Object

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