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Python String maketrans() Method

❮ String Methods


Example

Create a mapping table, and use it in the translate() method to replace any "S" characters with a "P" character:

txt = "Hello Sam!"
mytable = txt.maketrans("S", "P")
print(txt.translate(mytable))
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Definition and Usage

The maketrans() method returns a mapping table that can be used with the translate() method to replace specified characters.


Syntax

string.maketrans(x, y, z)

Parameter Values

Parameter Description
x Required. If only one parameter is specified, this has to be a dictionary describing how to perform the replace. If two or more parameters are specified, this parameter has to be a string specifying the characters you want to replace.
y Optional. A string with the same length as parameter x. Each character in the first parameter will be replaced with the corresponding character in this string.
z Optional. A string describing which characters to remove from the original string.

More Examples

Example

Use a mapping table to replace many characters:

txt = "Hi Sam!"
x = "mSa"
y = "eJo"
mytable = txt.maketrans(x, y)
print(txt.translate(mytable))
Try it Yourself »

Example

The third parameter in the mapping table describes characters that you want to remove from the string:

txt = "Good night Sam!"
x = "mSa"
y = "eJo"
z = "odnght"
mytable = txt.maketrans(x, y, z)
print(txt.translate(mytable))
Try it Yourself »

Example

The maketrans() method itself returns a dictionary describing each replacement, in unicode:

txt = "Good night Sam!"
x = "mSa"
y = "eJo"
z = "odnght"
print(txt.maketrans(x, y, z))
Try it Yourself »

❮ String Methods