Python - List Comprehension
List comprehension offers a shorter syntax when you want to create a new list based on the values of an existing list.
Based on a list of fruits, you want a new list, containing only the fruits with the letter "a" in the name.
Without list comprehension you will have to write a
with a conditional test inside:
newlist = 
for x in fruits:
if "a" in x:
With list comprehension you can do all that with only one line of code:
newlist = [x for x in fruits if "a" in x]
The return value is a new list, leaving the old list unchanged.
The condition is like a filter that accepts only the items that valuates to
Only accept items that are not "apple":
if x != "apple"
True for all elements other
than "apple", making the new list contain all fruits except "apple".
The condition is optional and can be omitted:
The iterable can be any iterable object, like a list, tuple, set etc.
You can use the
range() function to create an iterable:
Same example, but with a condition:
Accept only numbers lower than 5:
The expression is the current item in the iteration, but it is also the outcome, which you can manipulate before it ends up like a list item in the new list:
Set the values in the new list to upper case:
You can set the outcome to whatever you like:
Set all values in the new list to 'hello':
The expression can also contain conditions, not like a filter, but as a way to manipulate the outcome:
Return "orange" instead of "banana":
The expression in the example above says:
"Return the item if is not banana, if it is banana return orange".