Python Tutorial

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File Handling

Python File Handling Python Read Files Python Write/Create Files Python Delete Files

Python NumPy

NumPy Intro NumPy Getting Started NumPy Creating Arrays NumPy Array Indexing NumPy Array Slicing NumPy Data Types NumPy Copy vs View NumPy Array Shape NumPy Array Reshape NumPy Array Iterating NumPy Array Join NumPy Array Split NumPy Array Search NumPy Array Sort NumPy Array Filter NumPy Random NumPy ufunc

Python Matplotlib

Matplotlib Intro Matplotlib Get Started Matplotlib Pyplot Matplotlib Plotting Matplotlib Markers Matplotlib Line Matplotlib Subplots Matplotlib Scatter Matplotlib Bars Matplotlib Histograms Matplotlib Pie Charts

Python SciPy

SciPy Intro SciPy Getting Started SciPy Constants SciPy Optimizers SciPy Sparse Data SciPy Graphs SciPy Spatial Data SciPy Matlab Arrays SciPy Interpolation SciPy Significance Tests

Machine Learning

Getting Started Mean Median Mode Standard Deviation Percentile Data Distribution Normal Data Distribution Scatter Plot Linear Regression Polynomial Regression Multiple Regression Scale Train/Test Decision Tree

Python MySQL

MySQL Get Started MySQL Create Database MySQL Create Table MySQL Insert MySQL Select MySQL Where MySQL Order By MySQL Delete MySQL Drop Table MySQL Update MySQL Limit MySQL Join

Python MongoDB

MongoDB Get Started MongoDB Create Database MongoDB Create Collection MongoDB Insert MongoDB Find MongoDB Query MongoDB Sort MongoDB Delete MongoDB Drop Collection MongoDB Update MongoDB Limit

Python Reference

Python Overview Python Built-in Functions Python String Methods Python List Methods Python Dictionary Methods Python Tuple Methods Python Set Methods Python File Methods Python Keywords Python Exceptions Python Glossary

Module Reference

Random Module Requests Module Statistics Module Math Module cMath Module

Python How To

Remove List Duplicates Reverse a String Add Two Numbers

Python Examples

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Python Introduction

What is Python?

Python is a popular programming language. It was created by Guido van Rossum, and released in 1991.

It is used for:

  • web development (server-side),
  • software development,
  • mathematics,
  • system scripting.

What can Python do?

  • Python can be used on a server to create web applications.
  • Python can be used alongside software to create workflows.
  • Python can connect to database systems. It can also read and modify files.
  • Python can be used to handle big data and perform complex mathematics.
  • Python can be used for rapid prototyping, or for production-ready software development.

Why Python?

  • Python works on different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc).
  • Python has a simple syntax similar to the English language.
  • Python has syntax that allows developers to write programs with fewer lines than some other programming languages.
  • Python runs on an interpreter system, meaning that code can be executed as soon as it is written. This means that prototyping can be very quick.
  • Python can be treated in a procedural way, an object-oriented way or a functional way.

Good to know

  • The most recent major version of Python is Python 3, which we shall be using in this tutorial. However, Python 2, although not being updated with anything other than security updates, is still quite popular.
  • In this tutorial Python will be written in a text editor. It is possible to write Python in an Integrated Development Environment, such as Thonny, Pycharm, Netbeans or Eclipse which are particularly useful when managing larger collections of Python files.

Python Syntax compared to other programming languages

  • Python was designed for readability, and has some similarities to the English language with influence from mathematics.
  • Python uses new lines to complete a command, as opposed to other programming languages which often use semicolons or parentheses.
  • Python relies on indentation, using whitespace, to define scope; such as the scope of loops, functions and classes. Other programming languages often use curly-brackets for this purpose.


print("Hello, World!")
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