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Python Add __init__() Function


Add the __init__() Function

So far we have created a child class that inherits the properties and methods from its parent.

We want to add the __init__() function to the child class (instead of the pass keyword).

Note: The __init__() function is called automatically every time the class is being used to create a new object.

Example

Add the __init__() function to the Student class:

class Student(Person):
  def __init__(self, fname, lname):
    #add properties etc.

When you add the __init__() function, the child class will no longer inherit the parent's __init__() function.

Note: The child's __init__() function overrides the inheritance of the parent's __init__() function.

To keep the inheritance of the parent's __init__() function, add a call to the parent's __init__() function:

Example

class Student(Person):
  def __init__(self, fname, lname):
    Person.__init__(self, fname, lname)
Try it Yourself »

Now we have successfully added the __init__() function, and kept the inheritance of the parent class, and we are ready to add functionality in the __init__() function.